Developing Breathing Technique

breathing-brackley-male-voice-choirWhen breathing in it is important to breathe noiselessly, quickly and use warm air.  Breathe in using the sound ‘WHO’, keeping your shoulders down and allowing space for your rib cage and stomach to expand.

Keeping your shoulders down is important as it allows your diaphragm to move without restriction.  Do remember that the diaphragm is an involuntary muscle and cannot be controlled.  It is possible to control the way in which you use the air that you breathe and the way in which you breathe, and it is better to focus on the use and control of air than a particular muscle.

Breathing Exercises

Here are some exercises that I have used to develop my breathing technique. These exercises will help develop breathing control and awareness of breathing.

Exercise 1:

Start with relaxation. Stress, muscle tension and restriction cause issues when breathing properly.

  1. Lift both shoulders up towards your ears and hold for 5 seconds and then allow them to drop gently.
  2. Roll shoulders forward slowly and fully 5 times.
  3. Roll shoulders backwards slowly and fully 5 times.

Exercise 2:

Do two big yawns, allowing the jaw to move freely but not overstretching.

Exercise 3:

Set a metronome to 60 bpm and follow these steps:

i.     Breathe in for 4 full beats, hold for 4 beats and exhale for 8 beats.

ii.     Breathe in for 3 full beats and exhale for 12 beats.

iii.     Breathe in for 2 full beats and exhale for 24 beats.

iv.     Breathe in for 1 full beat and exhale for 32 beats.

v.     Breathe in for ½ a beat and exhale for 48 beats.

Exercise 4:

Take a full deep breath, and then take in 6 additional sips of air.

Exercise 5:

Hold a book at arms length and try to blow apart the pages.

Exercise 6:

Light a candle and try to blow the air in a controlled way so that the flame bends in one direction but does not blow out.

Exercise 7:

Hold a lit match at arms length, and blow it out.

Exercise 8:

Take a slow, steady deep breath in. When ready, breathe out gently using a ‘SSSSSS’ sound (you could think of this as hissing like a snake).  Keep your’SSSSSS’ sound steady and constant for as long as you can.

When you feel you need to breathe in, try breathe out a little bit more before you really have to breathe in.

It doesn’t matter if it is just a few seconds. With practice and time you may find you can manage a minute or longer.

Go with what works for you initially – remember to time yourself when you do this breathing exercise.  Over time you will find that you are able to breathe out for longer. The progress should be steady, and it is important not to be in a hurry to breathe out for longer and longer. Do remember that some days may be better than others – times may not necessarily increase every day!


CAUTION: If you start to feel dizzy and lightheaded it is important to stop and rest until the feeling goes. Continuing whilst experiencing dizziness could result in hyperventilation.

To improve breathing technique it is important to continue to work on them regularly.  If possible it is good to aim to try these exercises on a daily basis.  With regular work it will be possible to notice a big difference in breath control within a relatively short space of time.



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